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Astronomic Calendar

Eclipses, rain of stars, super moon and much more. All important astronomical events you can find here in this section.

December

13th – 14th

Geminids
considered as the best meteor shower, it produces up to 120 multicolored meteors per hour at its peak. We see it thanks to the remains of the asteroid known as 3200 Phaeton.⁣

22nd

Winter Solstice
December solstice. The South Pole of the Earth will lean towards the Sun, which will have reached its southernmost position in the sky and will be directly over the Tropic of Capricorn. This is the first day of winter.

21st – 22nd

Ursids
It is a smaller meteor shower that produces about 5-10 meteors per hour. It comes from the remains of dust left by comet Tuttle.

26th

Annular solar eclipse.
An annular solar eclipse occurs when the apparent diameter of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun. In this case, the Moon will block most of the sunlight and make it look like a ring.

November

5th – 6th

Taurids
It is a minor rain with long-lasting meteors that produce between 5 and 10 meteors per hour. It consists of two separate streams: the first choice of the remains left by the asteroid 2004 TG10 and the second by debris left by comet 2P Encke. ⁣

11th

Transit of mercury through the sun
The planet Mercury will move directly between Earth and the Sun. Viewers with approved telescopes and sunscreens will be able to observe the dark disk of the planet Mercury moving through the face of the sun.

17th – 18th

Leonids
The Leonids can have up to 15 meteors per hour at their peak. It is a unique star shower since it has a cyclonic peak every 33 years, where you can see hundreds of meteors per hour. Responsible for this meteor shower is Comet Tempel-Tuttle

24th

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter.
The two bright planets will be visible 1.4 degrees apart from each other in the afternoon sky. Watch them after sunset.

October

8th

The Draconids
Are a meteor shower whose origin is in the periodic comet 21P / Giacobini-Zinner. It happens every year, in the first days of October with more activity between the nights of 8th to 10th.⁣ ⁣

20th

Maximum mercury elongation
Maximum elongation of Mercury, October 20th will be the best time of the year to observe Mercury, especially during sunset.

21st – 22nd

Orionids
The Orionids meteor shower peaks later this month, promising to scatter tens of bright fireballs across the night sky.

28th

Uranus Brightest
Uranus will be well placed for observation, in the constellation Aries. It will be visible for much of the night, reaching its highest point in the sky around midnight local time.

August

2nd

Alpha Capricornids
Its name is due to the proximity with the alpha stars of the constellation of Capricorn.
Alpha-Capricórnidas originate from the dust trail left by comet 196P / NEAT.

9th

Maximum mercury elongation
The orbit of Mercury is closer to the Sun than that of the Earth, which means that it always appears near the Sun and is lost because of the Sun’s brightness most of the time.

11th

Moon and Saturn Conjunction
When night falls on day 11, an almost full Moon will be placed next to a golden stellar object, the ringed planet Saturn. The two celestial bodies will form an impressive couple within the Sagittarius constellation.

12th – 13th

Perseids
It is one of the best meteor showers to observe, as it produces up to 60 meteors per hour at its peak. Meteors come from comet Swift-Tuttle.

July
2nd

Total solar eclipse
The total solar eclipse will only be visible in parts of the South Pacific Ocean, central Chile and central Argentina. Partially it will be seen in most of the South Pacific Ocean and western South America.

9th

Saturn in opposition
The ringed planet will be close to the Earth and its face will be completely illuminated by the Sun. It will be brighter than at any other time of the year and will be visible all night.

16th

Partial Lunar Eclipse
During this type of eclipse, a part of the Moon will darken as it moves through the shadow of the Earth. The eclipse will be visible in most of Europe, Africa, Central Asia and the Indian Ocean.

28th – 29th

Delta Acuáridas
It is an average rainfall that can produce up to 20 meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by debris left by comets Marsden and Kracht.

June

10th

Opposition of Jupiter
This giant planet will have its closest approximation of the Earth on this day, its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. Take advantage! That is the best time to take good pictures.

18th

Mercury conjunction Mars
Mercury passing a scant 0.2 degrees north of Mars on June 18, to present the closest conjunction of two planets in 2019.

19th

Moon at 1º of Satun
The distance between them will be less than 1º, so they can be seen through the telescope at the same time.

21st

Summer Solstice
the summer solstice is when the Sun reaches its highest position in the sky and is the day with the longest period of daylight.